Antitrust: Does it Work for Tech?


Tech and internet companies are getting bigger. This has the potential to shape the evolution of internet usage and technologies in a variety of ways. This panel discusses the costs and benefits of regulation as policy makers and key federal agencies examine whether there is a need for an antitrust intervention.


Carl Szabo

Vice President and General Counsel, NetChoice

View Bio

As Vice President and General Counsel, Carl analyzes tech-related legislative and regulatory initiatives relevant to online companies. He monitors and analyzes Federal and state legislation including online taxation and privacy issues. Carl is also an adjunct professor of privacy law at the George Mason Antonin Scalia Law School.

Carl works at the NTIA Privacy Multi-Stakeholder process, speaks on panels about burdens to e-commerce, and testifies before state legislatures on proposed legislation. Recently, Carl met with FTC Commissioners on new COPPA regulations, presented on mobile-app privacy at the IAPP Annual Conference, and worked with the Maryland Child Privacy Taskforce.

Before joining NetChoice, Carl was an intellectual property attorney at the lawfirm of Wildman, Harrold, Allen & Dixon where he advised clients on privacy, Internet, e-commerce, and contractual matters. He also worked at the lawfirms of Venable and Arnold & Porter.

Carl also worked on copyright, trademark, and anti-piracy both for Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) and the Entertainment Software Association (ESA).

Before law school, Carl worked at the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) on the staff of Commissioner Orson Swindle, where he helped create and implement the FTC’s Consumer Information Security Outreach Plan and assisted the White House in establishing the National Strategy for Cyber Security.

Carl obtained his J.D. and Communications Law Certificate from the Catholic University of America, magna cum laude, and Carl obtained his B.A. in Economics, Managerial Studies, and Policy Studies from Rice University. Carl is licensed to practice law in Washington, DC and is a Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP/US)


Jeff Farrah

General Counsel, National Venture Capital Association

View Bio

Jeff Farrah is General Counsel of the National Venture Capital Association (NVCA), where he advocates before Congress, the White House, and agencies for pro-entrepreneurship policies. He has been quoted in the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Wired, CBS News, and other publications on topics such as foreign investment, immigration, and how public policy impacts startups. Jeff concurrently serves as Treasurer of VenturePAC, the political action committee of NVCA.

Prior to joining NVCA, Jeff was Counsel to the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation where he advised Chairman John Thune (now Senate Majority Whip) and members of the committee on technology, telecommunications, and Internet policy. Previously, Jeff served as General Counsel to U.S. Senator Scott Brown, advising on international trade, telecommunications, intellectual property, and technology. During the 2012 presidential election, Jeff was a member of Governor Romney’s Trade Policy Advisory Committee. Prior to the Senate, Jeff was an attorney at a leading Washington, DC law firm for international trade matters. His trade law experience includes World Trade Organization Dispute Settlement and trade remedies cases before U.S. agencies. In 2010, Jeff’s article on non-tariff barriers to trade was published in the Global Trade and Customs Journal. A native of southern California, Jeff earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from the University of California, Santa Barbara and his Juris Doctor from Seattle University School of Law. Jeff was a Visiting Student at Georgetown University Law Center.

Keith Klovers

Attorney Advisor to Commissioner Christine S. Wilson, Federal Trade Commission

View Bio

Keith Klovers is an Attorney Advisor to Commissioner Christine S. Wilson at the U.S. Federal Trade Commission. He previously served in the same capacity for Commissioner Maureen K. Ohlhausen.

Before joining the FTC, Mr. Klovers served as a law clerk to the Hon. Douglas H. Ginsburg at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, as an antitrust attorney at Kirkland & Ellis LLP, and as a manager and consultant at two economic consulting firms.

Mr. Klovers received a B.A. in Economics and Government from the College of William and Mary and a J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School.

Chris Lewis

President and CEO, Public Knowledge

View Bio

Christopher Lewis is President and CEO at Public Knowledge. Prior to being elevated to President and CEO, Chris served for as PK's Vice President from 2012 to 2019 where he led the organization's day-to-day advocacy and political strategy on Capitol Hill and at government agencies. During that time he also served as a local elected official, serving two terms on the Alexandria City Public School Board. Chris serves on the Board of Directors for the Institute for Local Self Reliance and represents Public Knowledge on the Board of the Broadband Internet Technical Advisory Group (BITAG).

Before joining Public Knowledge, Chris worked in the Federal Communications Commission Office of Legislative Affairs, including as its Deputy Director. He is a former U.S. Senate staffer for the late Sen. Edward M. Kennedy and has over 18 years of political organizing and advocacy experience, including serving as Virginia State Director at GenerationEngage, and working as the North Carolina Field Director for Barack Obama's 2008 Presidential Campaign and other roles throughout the campaign. Chris graduated from Harvard University with a Bachelors degree in Government and lives in Alexandria, VA where he continues to volunteer and advocate on local civic issues.

Alex Okuliar

Partner, Orrick

View Bio

Alex Okuliar is an antitrust lawyer focusing on technology and innovation issues. During his 20-year career, Alex has represented numerous companies in high-profile deals, investigations, and litigation. Alex also has served in both the US Department of Justice Antitrust Division and the Federal Trade Commission. Immediately before joining Orrick in 2015, Alex advised FTC Commissioner Ohlhausen on competition matters, including technology platform deals, big data and privacy issues, global technology and telecommunications policy initiatives, and IP/antitrust litigation. Alex is active in the American Bar Association and currently serves as the Co-Chair of the ABA Section of Antitrust Law IP Committee. He also serves on the Executive Committee of the Telecommunications and Electronic Media practice group of the Federalist Society.

Alex has been recognized for his work in leading publications, including Chambers USA, Legal 500, Global Competition Review, and Who’s Who Legal. He is a frequent writer and speaker on competition policy issues impacting the technology industry.

Get Involved

Stay informed about and engaged with the IGF-USA community

Communications Portal