IGF-USA 2021 Session

Facilitating Interoperability – Bridging the Gaps in Supply Chain Security

Thursday, July 15

10:30 AM – 12:00 PM EDT

We have to move to a proactive security posture to harden the internet.  There are security communities in place, but there is a gap between communities that is often closed in reaction to a threat event.  We need to have that gathering of skills from across industry and government(s) to influence the supply chain to build interoperable secure services, software and components.

Interoperability of the functional Internet is driven by three primary disciplines: policy, technology, and intelligence. While each is mature in its own right, the collaboration between any two and among the three currently leaves potential for improved cooperation where the disciplines intersect.  This panel discussion will explore the gaps in interoperability and how to ensure more interoperability, collaboration, and cooperation in addressing security concerns and threats in the converging supply chains.

Fireside Chat

Nathan Simington

Commissioner, Federal Communications Commission

View Bio

Nathan Simington was nominated to serve as a Commissioner of the FCC by President Donald J. Trump. He was confirmed by the United States Senate in 2020.

Commissioner Simington brings both private and public-sector experience to the Commission. Previously, he served as Senior Advisor at the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA.) In this role, he worked on many aspects of telecommunications policy, including spectrum allocation and planning, broadband access, and the US Government’s role in the Internet. Prior to joining the Commission, he was senior counsel to Brightstar Corp., an international mobile device services company. In this capacity, he led and negotiated telecommunications equipment and services transactions with leading providers in over twenty countries. Prior to joining Brightstar, he worked as an attorney in private practice.

Commissioner Simington is a graduate of the University of Michigan Law School. He also holds degrees from the University of Rochester and Lawrence University.

Commissioner Simington grew up in Saskatchewan, Canada. He became a United States citizen and now lives in McLean, Virginia with his wife and three children.

Melinda Clem

Co-Chair, IGF-USA

View Bio

Melinda Clem is an experienced leader in the internet infrastructure and technology markets. She covers disciplines of corporate development, strategy and marketing where her work includes creating and executing growth strategies in competitive markets, evaluating policy impacts on income statements, cybersecurity business risk assessments, and product launches. Melinda holds a degree in Philosophy from American University and an MBA from George Washington University.


Tatyana Bolton

Managing Senior Fellow, R Street Institute

View Bio

Tatyana Bolton is the Policy Director for R Street’s Cybersecurity & Emerging Threats team. She crafts and oversees the public policy strategy for the department with a focus on secure and competitive markets, data security and data privacy, and diversity in cybersecurity. Other areas of research for the team include cyber metrics, Bureau of Cyber Statistics, content moderation, 5G, building capacity, state and local cybersecurity, and supporting innovation.

Most recently, Tatyana worked as the senior policy director for the Cyberspace Solarium Commission focusing on U.S. government reorganization and resilience portfolios. From 2017-2020, Tatyana also served at the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency as the cyber policy lead in the Office of Strategy, Policy and Plans where she developed strategies for strengthening the cybersecurity of our nation’s critical infrastructure. Tatyana’s work included efforts on the Cyber Deterrence Strategy of the United States, the Department of Homeland Security Cybersecurity Strategy and the National Cyber Strategy.

Greg Rattray

Co-Founder/Partner, Next Peak

View Bio

Greg Rattray is Partner and Co-Founder of Next Peak LLC, a cybersecurity and risk management firm, and an adjunct Senior Research Professor at Columbia University. Previously, Greg was at JP Morgan Chase where he served as Global Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) and headed the Global Cyber Partnership team responsible for cybersecurity policy advocacy with industry partners, government agencies and global organizations. Greg drove numerous industry initiatives including the Financial Systemic Analysis and Resilience Center (FSARC), a private-public initiative to address systemic cyber risks, the Coalition to Reduce Cyber Risk, Sheltered Harbor and the Financial Sector Cybersecurity Profile.

Greg retired from the US Air Force as a Colonel in 2007. He served as Director for Cybersecurity in the White House and commanded the Operations Group of the AF Information Warfare Center. Greg pioneered Department of Defense and US national cyber exercise programs and initiated the Air Force and Department of Defense partnerships with the defense industry. Prior to joining JP Morgan Chase, Greg was founding partner and CEO of Delta Risk LLC and served as the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Chief Internet Security Advisor from 2007-2010. An operational cyber thought leader, Greg established the concepts of Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) and Operational Collaboration.

Greg has a B.S. from the US Air Force Academy, a M.P.P. from Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, and a Ph.D. from Tuft University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He authored Strategic Warfare in Cyberspace, founded the Cyber Conflict Studies Association and served on numerous national level cyber commissions and studies.

Hemanshu Nigam

Partner, Venable

View Bio

Hemanshu (Hemu) Nigam is a Partner at Venable LLP providing cyber security, privacy, and safety services through Venable’s award-winning eCommerce, Privacy and Cybersecurity group as well as its Cybersecurity Risk Management Services group. Mr. Nigam was previously the founder and chief executive officer of cybersecurity and cyber intelligence firm Cyber Security Affairs, formerly known as SSP Blue. He is often retained by clients to provide counsel on cutting-edge online privacy and security issues. He has extensive experience conducting end-to- end cyber assessments and protection. Mr. Nigam served as a senior vice president and chief security officer for a leading mass media and publishing company, a social networking service, a television singing competition show, and a movie review site for film and television, where he was responsible for protecting the personal information of more than 200 million users globally. Previously, he was in-house counsel and an executive at a multinational software and technology company, where he focused on internal investigations, law enforcement compliance, safety and privacy by design, and working with the intelligence community. Prior to that, he served as the vice president of worldwide internet enforcement at a trade association representing major films studios. Mr. Nigam was one of the country’s first online crimes prosecutors against hackers, human traffickers, and child predators at the U.S. Department of Justice, where he also served as an advisor to a congressional commission on child safety and an advisor to the White House on cyberstalking. He began his career as a prosecutor for the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office, specializing in adult and child sex crimes and abuse cases. Nigam is an Adjunct Professor at Pepperdine Caruso School of Law teaching cyber security and data privacy. He is also often asked to provide his expertise to top tier print and broadcast news media outlets globally.

Mr. Nigam received his J.D. from Boston University School of Law in 1990 and his bachelor’s degree from Wesleyan University in government and political theory in 1987. He is licensed to practice law in California and Washington state.


Dr. Melissa Griffith

Research Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley’s Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity

View Bio

Dr. Melissa K. Griffith is a Public Policy Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; a Non-Resident Research Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley’s Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity (CLTC); and an Adjunct Assistant Professor at Georgetown’s Center for Security Studies (CSS). She works at the intersection between technology and national security with a specialization in cybersecurity.

Griffith’s current book project investigates how relatively small countries, with limited resources, have become significant providers of national cyber-defense for their populations alongside far larger states such as the U.S. Her work sheds important light on the components and dynamics of cyber power and cyber conflict, as well as the vital role that public-private cooperation and both security and economic policy play in cyber-defense. Concurrent research projects examine (1) the security implications of 5G, (2) collective defense and resilience in cyberspace, (3) emerging technologies and great power competition, and (4) smaller states and power in international politics.

Griffith holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley (2020); an M.A. in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley (2014); and a B.A. in International Relations from Agnes Scott College (2011). She was an English Teaching Assistant in Taiwan with the Fulbright Program from 2012-2013.